Little girls might be disappointed to hear, but Japan's Children's Day is really focused on boys. But not to worry, that's because there's a day for little girls, too! The "Girl's Day" of Japan is properly called Hina Matsuri (雛祭り), and happens on March 3rd. So girls get to celebrate first! But all kids can join in on the festivities for both days, of course!
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To celebrate Hina Matsuri on March 3rd, Japanese families with daughters will bring out a platform covered in red carpeting, and display traditional hina ningyou (雛人形), which are delicately decorated dolls that represent traditional Japanese royalty. This is why the holiday is sometimes called Doll's Day, as well! During Hina Matsuri the family prays for the success and happiness of their daughter. Read more about the holiday here!
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Children's Day, on the other hand, was originally celebrated on the fifth day of the fifth lunar month, and was just called Boy's Day. Keeping to this tradition in an interesting way, the holiday got moved to the fifth day of the Gregorian calendar's fifth month instead, making it May 5th. While the holiday was originally focused exclusively on boys, and also served as something of a father's day, changing the name to Children's Day has made it a little easier for everyone to join in!