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Un voyage en train JR EAST pour Tsubame-Sanjo ③: La nature à Niigata, où les montagnes sont la frontière entre la terre et la mer

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Rejoignez Japankuru pour un voyage dans cette station de shinkansen JR EAST moins connue, à quelques pas des forêts anciennes du Japon, des montagnes majestueuses et des mers bleues étincelantes. Découvrez les meilleurs lieux à visiter recommandés directement par les membres de JR EAST!

Tsubame-Sanjo: Une nature magnifique qui inspire l’artisanat local



Prêt à réserver un billet shinkansen et à sortir de la grande ville? Niigata est un endroit idéal pour voir ce pour quoi la campagne japonaise est connue: des montagnes pittoresques, des champs de riz et de sarrasin, d'élégants sanctuaires à l'architecture traditionnelle, ainsi que des apparitions soudaines des eaux bleues de l'océan. De nos jours, les voyageurs descendent souvent à la gare Tsubamesanjō de Niigata pour voir les ateliers ouverts au public de la région et s'essayer à l'artisanat local, mais toute cette tradition culturelle a évolué grâce à l'abondance naturelle de la région. En effet, cette dernière est riche en ressources matérielles et en vues inspirantes! Venez avec nous contempler une montagne qui a stimulé des générations entières d'artisans.

Se rendre à la gare Tsubamesanjō

Etant un arrêt des trains à grande vitesse JR EAST, l'accès à la gare Tsubamesanjō est extrêmement pratique pour tous ceux qui partent de Tokyo ou des environs! La gare Tsubamesanjō est l'une des douzaines de la ligne Jōetsu Shinkansen, qui partent de la gare de Tokyo et s'arrêtent à la gare d'Ueno, avant de se diriger vers la préfecture de Niigata et d'arriver finalement dans la région de Tsubame-Sanjo! 

Le trajet dure un peu moins de deux heures, ce qui en fait une destination idéale pour un week-end ou une petite excursion en utilisant l'un des pass ferroviaires de JR EAST. Ce JR EAST PASS (Nagano, région de Niigata) est particulièrement pratique pour se rendre à Tsubame-Sanjo: pour 18 000 yens, le pass vous permet de prendre n'importe quels trains de la JR EAST, y compris les shinkansen et les express, ainsi que certains bus. De Tokyo à la gare de Tsubamesanjō, un trajet coûte normalement 19 000 yen l'aller-retour, alors que le passe vous permet de vous promener librement dans tout Niigata et Nagano et ce pour moins cher. Vous n'avez d'ailleurs pas besoin d'être un simple touriste pour l'utiliser, même les étrangers résidant au Japon y ont droit!

JR EAST
"About JR EAST"
Site officiel (en)
"Seat Reservation Service Online for Shinkansen and Limited Express Train in East Japan Region"
JR EAST Train Reservations (en)

Mont Yahiko: Promenades appaisantes et paysages magnifiques



Le mont Yahiko a depuis longtemps des liens avec les croyances spirituelles locales, les dieux japonais et la mythologie. Elle est considérée comme une montagne sacrée (神 体 山), et les légendes racontent comment le dieu Ame no Kagoyama no Mikoto est arrivé au mont Yahiko et a appris aux habitants à prospérer. Des vestiges de cette connexion subsistent, comme on le voit dans l'imposant sanctuaire Yahiko établi au pied de la montagne, et même un petit sanctuaire au sommet, dédié à la montagne elle-même. De nombreux visiteurs ces jours-ci se dirigent également vers le mont Yahiko pour sa variété de sentiers de randonnée et ses superbes vues depuis le sommet, qui est de la même hauteur que la Tokyo Skytree!

Apprécier la nature: téléphérique du Mont Yahiko & son pont d’observation



Pour le touriste moyen (ou toute personne non équipée de matériel de randonnée et de bouteilles d'eau), le meilleur moyen d'atteindre le sommet du mont Yahiko est le téléphérique. Il part d'une petite gare au pied de la montagne, une courte randonnée (ou même une navette gratuite plus courte) depuis le sanctuaire Yahiko, et les voitures circulent jusqu'à la zone d'observation. Non seulement le téléphérique est pratique, mais c'est une expérience amusante qui offre une vue imprenable sur les paysages bucoliques entourant la montagne.



En glissant sur le flanc de la montagne en téléphérique, n'oubliez pas de regarder en bas! Au printemps, la saison des cerisiers en fleurs apporte une couleur supplémentaire à la vue ci-dessous, en commençant par "les sakura de montagne" (山 桜) en mars, suivi par les fleurs de cerisier "à plusieurs couches" (八 重 桜) et enfin le sakura local de Yahiko (弥 彦 桜), qui a six pétales au lieu de cinq! La saison se termine avec des érables qui virent à des nuances de rouge profond au milieu du printemps, ajoutant de nouvelles teintes roses.

Mount Yahiko Ropeway (弥彦山ロープウェイ)
Station au pied: 2898 Yahiko, Nishikambara District, Niigata
Tickets aller-retour: Adultes 1,500 yens / Enfants 750 yens
Official Website (jp)



Le téléphérique n'est cependant que le début! Lorsque vous atteignez le sommet, vous trouverez une zone d'observation où vous pourrez regarder de la même hauteur que la Tokyo Skytree, admirant la mer du Japon d'un côté du mont Yahiko, et le mosaïque de champs et de forêt de l'autre. Les hortensias égayent le bord de la montagne chaque été et les violettes à dents de chien fleurissent le long du chemin allant du téléphérique au petit sanctuaire situé au sommet de la montagne.

Si vous vous voulez faire une pause, la boutique de cadeaux vend à la fois des appéritifs et des plats chauds, comme par exemple d'énormes bols d'udon. Nous vous recommandons d'essayer le miso konyaku (味噌 こ ん に ゃ く), une spécialité locale à base d'un mélange spécial de pâtes de miso. Et lorsque vous êtes prêt à repartir, une "voiture d'escalade" vous emmènera faire un tour pour admirer le paysage de sa "tour panoramique" rotative! Cette dernière vous permettra de voir à 360 ° tout autour de la montagne, assis dans un siège confortable.

Panorama Tower
2898 Yahiko, Yahiko-mura, Nishikanbara-gun, Niigata
Tickets: Adultes 650 yens / Enfants 350 yens
Official Website (jp)

Sancturaire Yahiko: Saluer les dieux shinto



De retour au pied de la montagne, entrez par la porte rouge du sanctuaire et descendez le chemin pavé pour trouver le sanctuaire Yahiko, une belle structure entourée de grands arbres forestiers. Si vous vous rendez au mont Yahiko, vous remarquerez peut-être l'une des choses qui rend le sanctuaire célèbre pendant que vous êtes encore sur la route: une immense porte de sanctuaire dominant les voitures ci-dessous. À 30,16 mètres, la porte du sanctuaire Yahiko serait la plus grande du Japon. Bien sûr, les visiteurs qui viennent à pied peuvent toujours profiter des plus petites portes plus proches du sanctuaire lui-même.



Le sanctuaire Yahiko était cependant remarquable bien avant la construction de son énorme portail en 1982. Selon les légendes transmises au sanctuaire, Ame no Kagoyama no Mikoto (le dieu qui a apporté la prospérité à Yahiko) a été consacré au mont Yahiko la première année de l'ère de l'empereur Koan, le sixième empereur légendaire du Japon. Cela signifie que le sanctuaire Yahiko a été officiellement établi en 392 avant notre ère! Et tandis que la véritable histoire du sanctuaire est enterrée dans la légende, il y a des preuves plus vérifiables de sa longue histoire dans les pages du Man'yoshu, le plus ancien recueil de poésie du Japon, datant des années 600 à 759. Cela signifie que le sanctuaire a bien plus de mille ans.

Les bâtiments actuels du sanctuaire ont été reconstruits après un incendie au début du XXe siècle, et l'architecture traditionnelle centenaire est toujours en forme. En fait, les structures sont officiellement désignées comme biens culturels matériels importants. Ne manquez pas une chance de regarder autour de vous et de ressentir les millénaires de l'histoire japonaise imprégnés dans le sanctuaire la forêt environnante.

Yahiko Shrine (彌彦神社)
2887-2 Yahiko, Nishikambara District, Niigata
Official Website (jp)

Une région aux paysages magnifiques



Grâce à la mer du Japon, au sommet volcanique du mont Yahiko, aux champs verdoyants et aux forêts parsemées d'anciens sanctuaires, Tsubame-Sanjo est une région idéale pour profiter de la beauté de la campagne japonaise et voir pourquoi tant de voyageurs aiment se rendre un peu hors des sentiers battus au Japon. Si vous recherchez un endroit magnifique pour faire de la randonnée, une nouvelle façon amusante de voir la vue ou simplement une chance de visiter la préfecture de Niigata, il est temps de vous procurer un billet pour Tsubame-Sanjo.

▲ Les villes comme vous y êtiez dans notre vidéo de Tsubame-Sanjo!

Accès à Tsubamesanjō
▶ JR EAST Jōetsu Shinkansen Line
・Moins de 2 heures depuis la gare de Tokyo jusqu'à  Tsubamesanjō Station.
JR EAST PASS (Nagano, région de Niigata) Recommandé!
・5 jours d'accès aux trains JR EAST, tels que les shinkansen et "limited express" , ainsi que certains bus JR pour 18 000 yens.
・Disponible pour les voyageurs et residents étrangers.

▶ "About JR EAST"
Site officiel (en)
▶ "Seat Reservation Service Online for Shinkansen and Limited Express Train in East Japan Region"
JR EAST Train Reservations (en)

Pour plus d'informations et de news sur le Japon, consultez Japankuru pour de noux articles, et n'oubliez pas de nous suivre sur twitter, instagram, et facebook!

Details

NAME:Tsubame-Sanjo Area

ACCESS:Tsubamesanjō Station (燕三条駅)

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      Hokkaido (北海道) is the northernmost island in the four main islands that make up Japan. Famous for Sapporo Beer, NIKKA WHISKY, and the winter festival "Yuki Matsuri" in Sapporo, Hokkaido is also known for their beautiful national parks. Potatoes, cantaloupe, dairy products, "Genghis Khan", soup curry, and miso ramen are their known famous foods!

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    • Consisting of 6 prefectures, the Tohoku region (東北地方) is located in the northeastern part of Japan's main island. Being a beautiful source of nature and agriculture, the region is well known for its stunning mountains, lakes, and hot springs.

    • Akita Prefecture is on the Sea of Japan, in the northern reaches of Japan's northern Tohoku region. Akita has more officially registered important intangible culture assets than anywhere else in Japan, and to this day visitors can experience traditional culture throughout the prefecture, from the Oga Peninsula's Namahage (registered with UNESCO as a part of Japan's intangible cultural heritage), to the Tohoku top 3 Kanto Festival. Mysterious little spots like the Oyu Stone Circle Site and Ryu no Atama (Dragon's Head) are also worth a visit!

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    • NIIGATA

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      Niigata is a prefecture on Japan's main island of Honshu, situated right on the coast of the Sea of Japan, and abundant with the gifts of nature. It's known for popular ski resorts such as Echigo-Yuzawa, Japanese national parks, and natural hot spring baths, plus local products like fresh seafood, rice, and sake. Visitors often spend time in the prefectural capital, Niigata City, or venture across the water to Sado Island.

    • SHIZUOKA

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      Shizuoka Prefecture is sandwiched between eastern and western Japan, giving the prefecture easy access to both Tokyo and Osaka. Not only is it known for beautiful natural attractions, with everything from Mount Fuji to Suruga Bay, Lake Hamanako, and Sumata Pass―Shizuoka's Izu Peninsula is known as a go-to spot for hot springs lovers, with famous onsen like Atami, Ito, Shimoda, Shuzenji, and Dogashima. Shizuoka attracts all kinds of travelers thanks to historic connections with the Tokugawa clan, the Oigawa Railway, fresh eel cuisine, Hamamatsu gyoza, and famously high-quality green tea.

    • Kansai (関西地方) is a region that includes Mie, Nara, Wakayama, Kyoto, Osaka, Hyogo and Shiga prefectures. Gradually becoming one of the most popular areas of Japan, Kyoto's temples and shrines, Osaka Castle, and feeding the deer in Kobe are considered a must. Many say the people in Kansai are more open and friendly, making it a fun place to hang out at night.

    • Kyoto flourished as the capital of Japan between the years 794 and 1100, becoming a center for poilitics and culture, and to this day it's a great place for close encounters with Japanese history. The cobbled streets of Gion, the atmospheric road to Kiyomizudera Temple, Kinkakuji's golden walls and countless historic attractions, even Arashiyama's Togetsukyo Bridge―Kyoto is a place of many attractions. With new charms to experience throughout the seasons, travelers can't stop themselves from returning again and again.

    • Osaka is known for friendly (and funny) people, but its history is nothing to laugh at, playing a major part in Toyotomi Hideyoshi's 16th century unification of Japan. Thanks to long years of economic activity, it's one of Japan's biggest cities, and Osaka's popular food culture earned it the nickname "The Kitchen of the Nation." To this day Osaka is the model of western Japan, and alongside historic structures like Osaka Castle, it also has major shopping malls like Umeda's Grand Front Osaka and Tennoji's Abeno Harukas. Osaka is a place to eat, eat, eat, with local specialties like takoyaki, okonomiyaki, and kushi-katsu, and for extra fun, it's home to Universal Studios Japan.

    • CHUGOKU

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      The Chugoku Region (中国地方) consists of five prefectures: Hiroshima, Okayama, Shimane, Tottori, and Yamaguchi. In Chugoku you’ll find the sand dunes of Tottori, and Hiroshima’s atomic bomb site, plus centers of ancient history like Grand Shrine of Izumo.

    • SHIKOKU

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      On the other side of the Seto Inland Sea opposite Japan’s main island, Shikoku (四国) is a region made up of four prefectures: Ehime, Kagawa, Kochi, and Tokushima. The area is famous for its udon (in Kagawa), and the beautiful Dogo Onsen hot springs (in Ehime).

    • Kagawa Prefecture is on the northern part of the island of Shikoku, facing Japan's main island and the Seto Inland Sea. It's known for being the smallest prefecture in Japan, by area, but at the same time Kagawa is called the "Udon Prefecture" thanks to its famous sanuki udon. Aside from Kotohiragu Shrine and Ritsurin Garden, the prefecture's small islands are popular, and Kagawa is full of unique destinations, like Angel Road. They say that if you lay eyes on Zenigata Sunae, a huge Kagawa sand painting, you'll never have money troubles ever again.

    • Located in the most southwestern part of Japan, Kyushu (九州) has 7 prefectures: Fukuoka, Saga, Nagasaki, Kumamoto, Oita, Miyazaki and Kagoshima. Famous for its unique culture and history of Chinese and Dutch trade and Western missionaries, Kyushu offers many historic treasures and beauties. It is also home to some of Japan's most famous natural hot springs due to all the volcanos.

    • FUKUOKA

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      Fukuoka Prefecture has the highest population on the southern island of Kyushu, with two major cities: Fukuoka and Kitakyushu. Thanks to growing transportation networks, Fukuoka is more accessible than ever, and so are the many local attractions. On top of historical spots like Dazaifu Tenmangu Shrine, travelers shouldn't miss Fukuoka's food scene, with motsu nabe (offal hotpot), mentaiko (spicy cod roe), and famous Hakata ramen―best eaten from a food stall in the Nakasu area of Hakata. Plus, it's full of all sorts of destinations for travelers, like trendy shopping centers, and the beautiful nature of Itoshima and Yanagawa.

    • KAGOSHIMA

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      Kagoshima Prefecture played a major role in Japan's modernization as a backdrop for famous historical figures like samurais Saigo Takamori and Okubo Toshimichi, who pushed Japan out of the Edo era and into the Meiji. Because of that, Sengan-en Garden is just one of many historical destinations, and when it comes to attractions Kagoshima has plenty: the active volcano of Sakurajima, popular hot springs Ibusuki Onsen and Kirishima Onsen, World Heritage Site Yakushima Island, even what Japan calls the "island closest to heaven," Amami Oshima. Kagoshima might be found on the very southernmost tip of the southern island of Kyushu, but there's plenty to see.

    • OKINAWA

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      The island chain of Okinawa (沖縄) makes up the southernmost tip of Japan, which is why it's also the most tropical area in the country. Thanks to a history of independence and totally distinct political and cultural events, Okinawa has a unique culture, and remnants of the Ryukyu Kingdom are still visible all over the islands. Food, language, traditional dress, it's all a little different! It's also said to be the birthplace of karate.

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